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CCS: an essential technology to reconcile EU energy security with climate objectives

Together with renewables and energy efficiency, CCS is a key technology to improve EU energy ... More »

CO2 Capture and Use (CCU)

ZEP has published a paper outlining the potential of CO2 Capture and Use (CCU) and CO2 Capture Use ... More »

CCS: Creating a secure environment for investment in Europe

Outlining clear recommendations on the economic measures required in the short-, medium- and ... More »

European Commission proposal to review EU ETS EUA auction timing

The European Commission initiated in mid-April the review of the auction time profile of the EU ... More »


Marie Donnelly (EC DG Energy) at ZEP...

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ZEP Highlights

ZEP response to the ITRE Draft Opinion on Cost effective emissions reductions and low carbon investments

  • Publisher: ZEP
  • Issued: 13/06/2016

Following the publication of the European Parliament’s Committee on Industry, Transport and Energy (ITRE) Draft Opinion on ‘Cost effective emissions reductions and low carbon investments’, the Zero Emission Platform (ZEP) would like to draw MEPs attention to the following: ZEP warmly welcomed the proposals put forward by the Commission in its 2015 Summer Package to reform the EU Emissions Trading System. Summary of key points:

  • ZEP is supportive of the European Commission’s proposals regarding the introduction of dedicated Innovation and Modernisation Funds.
  • ZEP welcomes the Draft Opinion from the ITRE Committee and is particularly supportive of amendments 3, 5, 21, 22, 23 and 40.
  • ETS Funds should be designed to support the development of so-called ‘part chain’ CCS projects alongside full-chain projects and innovative renewables. Allowing part chain projects would enable the funds to support deployment of CCS infrastructure necessary for energy intensive industries to achieve cost-effective decarbonisation.
  • ZEP strongly encourages MEPs to seek alternatives to amendment 20, which could act as a disincentive to investment in innovative low-carbon investments.

View full response via link below.

ZEP input to the design of modalities governing the proposed Innovation Fund and Modernisation Fund to be established under the EU ETS Directive

  • Publisher: ZEP
  • Issued: 13/06/2016

The European Commission proposed in its Summer Package 2015 that the existing NER300 programme should be replaced by an Innovation Fund under Phase IV of the EU Emissions Trading System, made up of an initial endowment of 450 million allowances. This Fund, supplemented by a Modernisation Fund for eligible Member States, would support the deployment of CCS projects, innovative renewables and to deliver emissions reductions from industrial installations.

NER300 aimed to support the European Council’s objective of 12 operational CCS demonstration projects by 2015. For multiple reasons, including the inadequacies of the NER300, not a single commercial scale CCS project is yet operating in the EU. In order to ensure that the Innovation Fund is fit for purpose and can deliver commercial scale CCS projects ZEP has undertaken an initial review of the NER300 Decision (2010/670/EU) and identified high level recommendations.

ZEP believes that the Innovation Fund should be made significantly more flexible than the NER300. View full ZEP input via link below.

Identifying and Developing European CCS Hubs

  • Publisher: ZEP
  • Issued: 01/06/2016

A low carbon EU should be inclusive with a comprehensive collection network enabling emitters large and small to connect to CO2 storage and create value in the Net Zero economy.

Developing such CO2 gathering networks & clusters linked to CO2 storage hubs via trunk pipeline networks and shipping routes is the lowest cost route to creating low carbon sustainable growth.

The EU has a number of large CO2 emission clusters, plus it benefits from world class CO2 storage formations. Connecting emissions clusters to the storage formations will often cross national boundaries – a regional collaborative approach incorporating adjacent member states is therefore needed.

A necessity for the creation of hubs and clusters, is policy supported by suitable (financial) instruments that can facilitate deployment.

Read more in the full report (link below).

ZEP’s reply to issues paper No. 9 of SET plan Steering group

  • Publisher: ZEP
  • Issued: 26/04/2016

On 5 April 2016, the SET Plan Steering group published its paper on "Renewing efforts to demonstrate carbon capture and storage (CCS) in the EU and developing sustainable solutions for carbon capture and usage (CCU)". Also known as Issues Paper No. 9 (find this document below).

ZEP published a response to this Issues Paper No.9, in which ZEP stresses the urgency of taking actions for making CCS investable and asks for focus and commitment of stakeholders as well as EC and member states. Find below ZEP's response (including annex II with detailed remarks on the paper) and the Issues Paper No. 9 itself.

Statement of ETP ZEP on H2020 LCE36

  • Publisher: ZEP
  • Issued: 26/01/2016

The EC has called for a CSA under Horizon 2020 for ETPs amongst which ZEP. Attached note for proposers contains ZEP’s expression of how it is best supported by this action.

ZEP Chairman Dr. Graeme Sweeney talks about CCS business case at The Economist Energy Summit

  • Publisher: ZEP
  • Issued: 27/11/2015

ZEP Chairman Dr. Graeme Sweeney spoke at The Economist Energy Summit on November 4th - 5th in London. The Summit brought together energy industry’s stakeholders, including policy-makers and academics. The aim of the high-level event was to provide an insight into what the energy business will look like in 15 years. Dr. Graeme Sweeney took part in a panel discussion entitled ‘Europe’s low-carbon future’. The panel tackled the feasibility of the 2030 framework, which includes the binding target to reduce EU domestic greenhouse gas emissions by at least 40% below the 1990 level. Dr. Sweeney highlighted that CCS is essential to achieving timely and cost-effective decarbonisation. He also stressed that if Europe is to benefit from CCS technology, a business case needs to be made to disrupt the logic that emitting CO2 is cheaper than capturing and storing it.

CCS for industry - Modelling the lowest-cost route to decarbonising Europe

  • Publisher: ZEP
  • Issued: 12/11/2015

ZEP modelled the lowest-cost route to decarbonising European by looking at CCS for industries as refining, steel and cement.

After modelling the lowest-cost route for decarbonising European power, ZEP turned its attention to industry. With direct industry-related emissions accounting for a quarter of total EU CO2 emissions, it is clear that Europe must look beyond the power sector to include core industries such as refining, steel and cement.

Not only is CCS the only option for substantially reducing CO2 emissions in these industries, but the costs of CO2 transport and storage – 10-30% of the total CCS costs – can be significantly reduced by clustering power and industrial emitters. Details and more information in the report (link below).

Event page ZEP General Assembly 2015: Towards a global CCS breakthrough

  • Publisher: ZEP
  • Issued: 04/11/2015

This is the event page for the 2015 ZEP General Assembly organised in close cooperation with the CCSA, GCCSI and the European Parliament. You will find a livestream of the event on 12 November 2015, from 9:00 to 13:00, on this webpage. Title of the event: 

Towards a global CCS breakthrough: lessons from abroad and a plan for the EU

The event will be a European Parliament hearing. MEPs Theresa Griffin and Krišjānis Kariņšare pleased to invite you to a high level European Parliament hearing on CCS, sponsored by ZEP, CCSA and GCCSI, in association with the Gateway project and the UK Foreign and Commonwealth Office.

Find more information here.



ZEP Executable Plan for CCS in Europe

  • Publisher: ZEP
  • Issued: 23/09/2015

Emitting CO2 to the atmosphere is currently much cheaper than storing it safely underground. Emitters can pay an ‘ETS wergild’ and are divorced from all the consequences of their actions, yet if they try to sequester CO2 they risk taking on liability for decades under the CO2 Storage Directive. Those factors serve, along with the lack of a near-term business case, to prolong the current inertia on CCS in the EU. Urgent action is now required to deliver CO2 storage projects and enabling infrastructure in preparation for commercial deployment. This requires an Executable Plan, owned by the European Commission.

This note (download link below) sketches the contours of such a plan, describing how the Commission can effectively and rapidly aid wide uptake of CCS in Europe; delivering additional CCS projects in power and industry; progressing the development of CCS hubs in Europe; and supporting the appraisal of storage capacity required for commercial CCS deployment. Find it here:

ZEP Position Paper on the ETS Revision

  • Publisher: ZEP
  • Issued: 20/05/2015

The revision of the EU Emission Trading System (ETS) is a timely and critical undertaking. ZEP believes that the ETS should remain the principal tool for EU climate policy, providing a predictable, meaningful and robust carbon price and serving as a long-term driver for CCS. It should promote decarbonisation as well as effective funding of low carbon technologies – but due to the low price of allowances and issues with the structure of its funding mechanisms its impact on driving investment in CCS has been limited. ZEP therefore supports both amendments to the ETS structure and a new approach to the funding facilities as critical steps to roll out CCS. This paper was presented to EU Commissioner Cañete (Climate Action & Energy) and EU Commissioner Šefčovič (Vice-President Energy Union).