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Reuse of unspent NER300 funds (1)

An important opportunity has arisen to utilise unspent NER300 funds and deliver tangible progress ... More »

CCU in the EU ETS: ZEP Policy Briefing, November 2016

In April 2016 the Zero Emission Platform (ZEP) published a report on Carbon Capture and ... More »

CCU - Carbon Capture and Utilisation

ZEP Network Technology produced a report on Carbon Capture and Use/Utilization (CCU) in April 2016, ... More »

CCS: an essential technology to reconcile EU energy security with climate objectives

Together with renewables and energy efficiency, CCS is a key technology to improve EU energy ... More »


Marie Donnelly (EC DG Energy) at ZEP...

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ZEP Highlights

The Case for Urgent Action on CCS in Europe

  • Publisher: ZEP
  • Issued: 17/11/2013

CO2 Capture and Storage (CCS) will play a critical role in meeting Europe’s energy, climate and societal goals, but its demonstration is essential to achieve commercial availability and public support, and to allow it to be widely applied “from around 2030 onwards”. CCS has reached a ‘tipping point’ in Europe and urgent action is needed at EU and Member State level to deliver a sufficient set of demonstration projects.

In this position paper, ZEP reflects on what should be considered an appropriate pace to scale up CCS demonstration between now and 2030 to ensure sufficient ramp-up towards commercial deployment and avoid continued overall uncertainty, higher costs and the effects of carbon lock-in. CCS demonstration will require Policy and Regulation within the EU and ZEP’s views on these requirements are reflected in other ZEP publications, notably its responses to the European Commission’s “Green Paper” and “Communication on CCS”

ZEP strategy paper: maintaining the momentum to deliver energy, climate and societal goals

  • Publisher: ZEP
  • Issued: 16/11/2013

The European Commission has confirmed that Europe cannot be decarbonised cost-effectively – and maintain security of energy supply – without CCS.

Yet its benefits go far beyond that of climate change mitigation: with annual investments worth billions of euros, CCS will create and preserve jobs, boost industry and fuel economic growth, ensuring Europe remains competitive on the world stage as a leader in low-carbon energy technologies.

But the window of opportunity is closing fast. In order for CCS to be widely deployed by 2030 – and deliver EU climate targets – the following is urgently required:

  • A solid business case for CCS: as the carbon price is likely to remain low in the 2020s, transitional support measures for CCS demonstration and early deployment projects are essential. Structural reform of the EU ETS is also urgently required – in particular, setting a tighter cap out to 2030.
  • A long-term signal for investors, including the full integration of CCS into legislative proposals for the EU 2030 energy and climate framework.
  • An infrastructure development plan, including business models which align commercial interests across the entire CCS value chain – with any legal barriers or other blockers resolved.

Download ZEP’s position paper below.

ZEP report on long-term R&D priorities for CCS: Capture

  • Publisher: ZEP
  • Issued: 14/10/2013

The critical role of CO2 Capture and Storage (CCS) in meeting the EU’s energy, climate and societal goals is now indisputable: the European Commission’s Communication on CCS has confirmed that is not only “vital for meeting the Union’s greenhouse gas reduction targets”, it provides a “very visible link between jobs in local communities and continued industrial production”. Indeed, CCS must account for 19-32% of total emissions reductions in the power sector by 2050, which means that “For all fossil fuels, Carbon Capture and Storage will have to be applied from around 2030 onwards”.

Ongoing R&D for CCS is essential in order to drive down costs, and deliver EU climate targets. This report therefore prioritises immediate R&D needs of CO2 capture, focusing mainly on the power sector, while identifying the need to verify industrial applications – taking into account advances achieved to date and future requirements to drive down costs.

Graeme Sweeney: "We must reset our approach to CCS"

  • Publisher: ZEP
  • Issued: 11/10/2013

Recent setbacks for carbon capture and storage (CCS) technology underline the need for realistic ambition, innovative funding and urgent regulatory action, argues Graeme Sweeney.

This article originally appeared on the website of EurActiv.

European Parliament Public Hearing - Unlocking the potential of CCS through the EU 2030 climate and energy framework

  • Publisher: ZEP
  • Issued: 09/10/2013

The 2013 edition of ZEP’s General Assembly will take the form of a Public Hearing in the European Parliament to discuss ways of Unlocking the potential of CCS through the EU 2030 climate and energy framework.

The hearing will be hosted by MEPs Jerzy Buzek (EPP, Poland), Chris Davies (ALDE, UK) and Teresa Riera Madurell (S&D, Spain), making this a truly cross party and cross party event which will see the participation of several high-level speakers from the EU institutions, international organisations, industry and ZEP.

CO2 Capture and Use (CCU)

  • Publisher: ZEP
  • Issued: 30/09/2013

ZEP has published a paper outlining the potential of CO2 Capture and Use (CCU) and CO2 Capture Use and Storage (CCUS) not only to reduce CO2 emissions, but accelerate CCS deployment, e.g. via the combination of CCS with Enhanced Oil Recovery (EOR), geothermal heat production, CO2 mineral storage etc.

Indeed, CCU could add significant economic value to a CCS project – even if there is only temporary ‘storage’ of CO2. The greatest potential in Europe is offshore EOR, mainly in the North Sea and in Eastern Europe.

Urgent action is therefore needed to exploit the full potential of CCU/CCUS:

  • Develop business models and likely CCUS scenarios for Europe
  • Incorporate in Horizon 2020 as an enabling technology for CCS in Europe
  • Design tailor-made incentive schemes at national and EU level to kick-start early projects.

Download ZEP’s paper below.

Re-setting the way to a decarbonised Europe

  • Publisher: ZEP
  • Issued: 17/09/2013

In its EU Energy Roadmap 2050, the European Commission recognises that Carbon Capture and Storage (CCS) is the only technology available to mitigate CO2 emissions from large-scale fossil fuel use. The EU badly needs a successful CCS programme by 2020 and can no longer afford delays, writes Graeme Sweeney.

This article originally appeared on the website of EurActiv.

ZEP Chairman: "EU will face severe consequences if it does not support CCS"

  • Publisher: ZEP
  • Issued: 03/07/2013

EurActiv recently published an op-ed from ZEP's Chairman Dr. Graeme Sweeney. Find it on the EurActiv website or keep reading below.

Five years ago the EU was the world leader in championing carbon capture and storage (CCS) but it has since slipped from the top spot due to a lack of investment in this essential part of the EU's objective to reduce carbon emissions, writes Graeme Sweeney.

ZEP's response to the European Commission's Green Paper

  • Publisher: ZEP
  • Issued: 01/07/2013

ZEP’s response to the European Commission’s Green Paper, "A 2030 framework for climate and energy policies"

In its response to the Green Paper, “A 2030 framework for climate and energy policies", ZEP calls for a holistic approach to EU climate and energy policies – with CCS at its core, as underlined in the Commission’s Communication on CCS (to which ZEP has also provided input).

Indeed, in the EU Energy Roadmap 2050, CCS plays a key role in every scenario as a critical technology for decarbonising the power sector. Failure to ensure CCS deployment in energy-intensive industries – for which no alternative decarbonisation route exists – will also undermine the EU’s ability to achieve its long-term climate goals, as shown in ZEP’s new landmark report.

ZEP is therefore surprised that CCS is not represented in the key findings of the Commission’s roadmaps listed in the Green Paper and strongly recommends that any follow-up to the CCS Communication is treated as integral to the work of the Green Paper. Sufficient support – in terms of policy, funding and regulatory framework– must be put in place to ensure critical low-carbon technologies are commercially available once the carbon price reaches adequate levels. The RES 20% mandate and measures for energy efficiency have gone a long way to facilitating their deployment – while CCS has not benefited from such support measures.

ZEP therefore calls for the Commission to put forward proposals for some form of directed support for CCS – designed to deliver an ambitious milestone consistent with the EU's published roadmaps and in the context of the ‘2030 Climate Milestone’ ZEP calls for here as part of the 2030 EU climate and energy framework.

Accelerating the demonstration of CO2 geological storage in Europe

  • Publisher: ZEP
  • Issued: 26/06/2013

With the availability of proven, affordable CO2 storage sites critical to the development of CCS in Europe, ZEP recommends establishing up to six new storage pilots by 2016. Focusing on deep saline aquifers – on- and offshore – the pilots will complement CCS demonstration projects, accelerate state-of-the-art technology and showcase successful CO2 storage across Europe.

Key recommendations include:

  • Selecting sites which will enable meaningful, scientific R&D
  • Maximising the benefits of CCS for local communities
  • Supporting the deployment of Europe’s CO2 transport infrastructure
  • Financing storage pilots from a combination of sources
  • Simplifying the permitting process and relieving projects of the burden of liability
  • Maximising knowledge-sharing with EU and international CCS demonstration projects