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Reuse of unspent NER300 funds (1)

An important opportunity has arisen to utilise unspent NER300 funds and deliver tangible progress ... More »

CCU in the EU ETS: ZEP Policy Briefing, November 2016

In April 2016 the Zero Emission Platform (ZEP) published a report on Carbon Capture and ... More »

CCU - Carbon Capture and Utilisation

ZEP Network Technology produced a report on Carbon Capture and Use/Utilization (CCU) in April 2016, ... More »

CCS: an essential technology to reconcile EU energy security with climate objectives

Together with renewables and energy efficiency, CCS is a key technology to improve EU energy ... More »


Marie Donnelly (EC DG Energy) at ZEP...

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ZEP Highlights

ZEP Launches report "Role of CCUS in a below 2 degrees scenario"

  • Publisher: ZEP
  • Issued: 25/07/2018

ZEP has published a new report "Role of CCUS in a below 2 degrees scenario". The report concludes that "CCS is available today, constitutes an essential part of the lowest cost solution, and is particularly necessary for reducing emissions from 'hard to mitigate' sectors such as industrial processes and distributed heating". The report also states that as part of the lowest cost pathway to delivering long-term EU greenhouse gas emissions reductions, CCUS enables a ‘just transition’. This is one that is perceived as not unduly costly to people locally and globally. 

"An implementation plan for CCS and CCU in Europe" - ZEP article for EurActiv

  • Publisher: ZEP
  • Issued: 15/01/2018

Now that COP23 in Bonn has concluded, countries will be turning their attention to the mechanisms and technologies that will enable the achievement of the Paris Agreement. A number of CCS side events took place at COP, indicating that there is a growing realisation that delivering a 2°C scenario, (and particularly a “well-below 2°C” scenario) will be extremely challenging.

CCS will be vital to ensuring the lowest cost route to meeting this goal. Interestingly, Bioenergy with CCS (Bio-CCS or BECCS) emerged several times in the debate regarding negative emissions. It is clear that negative emissions technologies such as BECCS will become increasingly important, as they allow flexibility in harder-to-decarbonise sectors such as aviation.

"A New Dawn for CCS in Europe" - ZEP article for European Energy Innovation

  • Publisher: ZEP
  • Issued: 15/01/2018

As 2017 draws to a close, it is worth reflecting on the CCS developments that have taken place over the past year. The latest COP meeting in Bonn closed on the 17th November – and it remains to be seen whether this meeting succeeds in delivering concrete actions to achieve the objective agreed in 2015 in Paris; to limit the global temperature increase to well below 2°C. Interestingly, CCS was the focus of a number of side events at the Bonn COP meeting – perhaps a reflection of the realisation that to deliver a 1.5°C goal will require unprecedented amounts of renewable energy and CCS.

In Europe, a definite momentum for CCS has been steadily building over the last twelve months. Both Norway and the Port of Rotterdam are pursuing proposals to create the first European CCS clusters, able to capture and transport CO2 from industrial facilities for permanent storage under the seabed. Norway is particularly interesting as their proposals include CCS applications at an ammonia facility, a cement plant and a waste-to-energy project. This could provide vital lessons to other countries on the importance of applying CCS to multiple sectors such as energy intensive industries, heating, power and transport.

ZEP Position Paper Funding CCS Market Makers through the Innovation Fund

  • Publisher: ZEP
  • Issued: 14/12/2017

In March 2016 ZEP provided detailed recommendations for the design of the Innovation Fund Delegated Act, based on lessons learnt by CCS projects from across Europe including previous NER 300 projects.

ZEP has published an updated paper providing input to the Commission on how the Innovation Fund Delegated Act can specifically support the development of CCS “Market Makers”. The Market Maker concept was developed by ZEP in its earlier work on developing a business case for CO2 Transport and Storage and in its “Executable Plan” for CCS.

This new work has been undertaken in response to a direct request from DG Clima.

ZEP Response to EurActiv article "'Game over' for CCS, driven out by cheap renewables"

  • Publisher: ZEP
  • Issued: 06/12/2017

On the 4th December, EurActiv published an article entitled "'Game over' for CCS, driven out by cheap renewables"

ZEP has developed the following response to this article:

In response to the article (‘Game over’ for CCS, driven out by cheap renewables, 4 December), reducing emissions from Europe’s energy intensive industries through electrification will be extremely challenging. In fact, the European Zero Emissions Technology and Innovation Platform (ZEP) published a report recently on the interaction between electrification, CO2 use and CO2 storage. This report shows that a single steel production site would consume as much electricity as 9 million European households or the total electricity demand of greater London. Electrification alone is therefore not a viable pathway for decarbonising Europe’s energy intensive industries.

"An indispensable solution" - ZEP article for Pan European Networks

  • Publisher: ZEP
  • Issued: 27/09/2017

Graeme Sweeney of the European Zero Emission Technology and Innovation Platform emphasises the role CCS will play in decarbonising Europe.


In December 2015, the world came together to agree an objective to limit the global temperature increase to well below 2°C. In Europe, this has generated a new momentum to position decarbonisation at the heart of the European Commission’s plans for industrial innovation. Rather than focusing on particular sectors and technologies, there is a need to find solutions that deliver net-zero emissions across a broad range of sectors, including energy intensive industries, heating, power and transport. This is especially important for industrial sectors such as iron, steel and cement as these industries are currently facing significant challenges in an increasingly carbon-constrained world. These industries make a vital contribution to Europe’s growth and jobs – in 2013, they employed approximately 1.3 million people across Europe.

Carbon capture and storage (CCS) offers a critical solution to decarbonising Europe’s economies. It is the only technology which can substantially reduce emissions from a large number of industrial processes, thereby leading to the delivery of low-carbon products. It can also be applied to natural gas to produce clean hydrogen, which can then be leveraged to reduce emissions across the heat, power and transport sectors. And CCS will be needed as part of a low-carbon energy system for Europe, decarbonising remaining fossil fuel electricity and even generating negative emissions through the combination of CCS and biomass/biofuels.


ZEP Launches report Climate solutions for EU industry: interaction between electrification, CO2 use and CO2 storage

  • Publisher: ZEP
  • Issued: 26/09/2017

ZEP has published a new report "Climate solutions for EU industry: interaction between electrification, CO2 use and CO2 storage"

ZEP Launches Fast Track CO2 Transport and Storage for Europe report

  • Publisher: ZEP
  • Issued: 12/06/2017

ZEP has published a new report "Fast Track CO2 Transport and Storage for Europe". The report concludes that "An integrated CO2 transport and permanent storage network, as sophisticated as that of the existing natural gas industry, will be required in Europe by 2050 in order to deeply decarbonise industry, produce low-cost hydrogen, and to limit CO2 released to the atmosphere from any remaining fossil electricity generation". The report recommends that coordinated action is urgently required and that Europe should identify the first few enabling pieces of infrastructure that can be quickly expanded and extended.  

ZEP Briefing Paper - CCU in the Renewable Energy Directive

  • Publisher: ZEP
  • Issued: 22/05/2017

The European Commission in its revision of the EU Renewable Energy Directive (REDII) has proposed a 2030 target for ‘low-emission and renewable fuels’. ZEP has published this briefing paper from May 2017, setting out the position of the Platform on how Carbon Capture and Utilisation (CCU) should be treated within the Renewable Energy Directive.

ZEP Policy Brief - Energy Union Governance

  • Publisher: ZEP
  • Issued: 09/05/2017

The European Zero Emission Technology and Innovation Platform (ZEP) welcomes the proposal from the European Commission in November 2016 to establish a Regulation on the Governance of the Energy Union (2016/0375 (COD)). ZEP believes the Regulation could deliver significant EU added value in achieving EU energy and climate goals, including towards meeting the objectives of the Paris Agreement.

This brief from May 2017 outlines the recommendations of the Platform for the Governance of the Energy Union.