Comprehensive policies and regulations are crucial to the widespread deployment of CCS

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EU Directive

Download the EU Directive 2009/31/EC on the geological storage of carbon dioxide

On 25 June 2009 Directive 2009/31/EC on the geological storage of CO2 entered into force. The Directive establishes a legal framework for the environmentally safe geological storage of CO2 to contribute to the fight against climate change.

EU Case Studies Project

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The UCL Carbon Capture Legal Programme launched the 'EU Case Studies Project' in January 2011 analysing the implementation process of the CCS Directive in selected European jurisdictions.


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EU support for CCS

CO2 Capture and Storage (CCS) is recognised as a critical technology for combating climate change – within a portfolio of technologies, including greater energy efficiency and renewable energy.

EU funding for CCS

The EU agreed to set aside 300 million emission unit allowances (EUAs) from the New Entrance Reserve (“NER 300”) to demonstrate CCS and innovative renewable energy technologies – including funding for up to 12 large-scale CCS demonstration projects.

EU CCS legal framework

The European Commission has promoted CCS with several policy instruments. The first communication from the Commission regarding CCS was published in January of 2007 aiming for near-zero emissions from coal power plants after 2020.

National/regional CCS legal & regulatory developments

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The International Energy Agency produces a regular review of CCS regulatory progress worldwide (called the “IEA CCS Legal and Regulatory Review” or the “IEA CCS Review”), to provide a forum for sharing knowledge on CCS legal and regulatory issues, help countries develop their own CCS regulatory frameworks, and identify steps taken towards the legal and regulatory goals in the 2009 IEA Technology Roadmap: Carbon capture and storage.

The IEA CCS Review consists of contributions by national, state, provincial and regional governments, and several key international organisations involved in CCS. Each entry includes an overview of recent and anticipated CCS advances and addresses a particular CCS legal and regulatory theme, such as authorising CO2 storage. For each edition, the IEA also provides a brief analysis of key advances and trends.

The IEA CCS Review is also available on the IEA’s website at Contact Justine Garrett at the IEA for more information ().

Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation

Part 1: Developments since the second edition

Developments expected in next six-twelve months

Carbon Capture and Storage Legal and Regulatory Review © — OECD/International Energy Agency, 2012.
Disclaimer: The CCS Review contains contributions from various governments and other organisations. Users of this publication should note that the CCS Review contains only selected updates on CCS regulation. It is not intended to be exhaustive and does not constitute any form of advice, including legal, on any specific issue or situation. The IEA makes no representation or warranty, express or implied, in respect of the CCS Review's contents (including its completeness or accuracy) and shall not be responsible for any use of, or reliance on, the CCS Review. The CCS Review does not necessarily represent the views or policies of the IEA Secretariat or individual IEA member countries. Terms and conditions of use here.