This follow-up of the five year CATO programme aims to focus on applied research to support CCS demonstration projects in the Netherlands, and to build on the achievements of CATO. The core of this programme exists of 13 sites that each offer research opportunities in carbon dioxide capture and storage (CCS). The CATO-2 programme will focus around regions – Rijnmond, Northern Netherlands and offshore (in the Dutch section of the North Sea).
R & D activities include the scaling up and piloting of various capture technologies, preparing the integration of the CCS chain within the region, and enhancing public awareness and perception of CCS.
CATO-2 research will be performed under 5 sub-programmes (SPs):
SP1 CO2 Capture
(which will include 4 work packages – post-combustion capture, pre-combustion capture, oxyfuel combustion and benchmarking)
SP2 Transport and CCS Chain Integration
(will include 4 work packages – transport, techno-economic chain analyses, international CCS policy and chain integration)
SP3 Subsurface Storage of CO2 and Monitoring Storage
(will include 9 work packages – geological models, reservoir behaviour, caprock & fault integrity, well integrity, additional benefits of CO2 injection, shallow monitoring, permanent geophysical monitoring, geophysical lab experiments, and site specific monitoring)
SP4 Regulation & Safety
(will include 5 work packages – legal framework & guidance, permitting & best practice, environmental performance, transport risk management, and storage risk management)
SP5 Public Perception
(will include 4 work packages – local communication, framing effects, trends in public opinion and valid beliefs).
The main aim is to facilitate and enable the integrated development of CCS demonstration sites in the Netherlands.
50% private 50% public
Website can be found at www.co2-cato.nl
CO2-ECBM, , CO2 Storage in Hydrocarbon Reservoirs (without enhanced recovery), Membranes for CO2 separation,Monitoring & Verification, Oxyfuel Combustion, Safety and Environmental Issues, Chemical Solvent Absorption for CO2 separation
DCMR/RCI (Rotterdam Climate Initiative)
Energy Valley Foundation
KEMA Nederland BV
Natuur En Milieu
Saxion Hogescholen Noordzee
Technische Universiteit Utrecht Delft
Wintershall Noordzee BV
WUR (Wageningen University and Research Centre)
Budget: €10million (approved) PLUS €50-70 million (still to be approved as of early 2010)